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Alabama

The Great Central U.S. ShakeOut is a multi-state drill spanning much of the central United States. This page has information for participants living in Alabama.

Points of Contact

Alabama Emergency Management Agency Logo

State Earthquake Program Manager
Melissa Mayo, Alabama Emergency Management Agency
Email: melissa.mayo@ema.alabama.gov
Phone: (205) 280-2220
Website: http://ema.alabama.gov/

FEMA Regional Earthquake Program Manager
Gene Longenecker, FEMA Region IV
Email: herbert.longenecker@fema.dhs.gov
Phone: (770) 220-5428

Participants

people are currently registered to participate in this year's Great Central U.S. ShakeOut.

are from
Alabama

Number of Alabama participants in each category

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Earthquake Hazards

The term earthquake brings to mind impressive news stories from far off places such as California, Iran, or Alaska. However, less spectacular earthquakes are fairly common in the eastern half of the United States and are not uncommon in Alabama. Three zones of frequent earthquake activity affecting Alabama are the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ), the Southern Appalachian Seismic Zone (SASZ) (also called the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone), and the South Carolina Seismic Zone (SCSZ).

The New Madrid Seismic Zone lies within the central Mississippi Valley, extending from northeast Arkansas through southeast Missouri, western Tennessee, and western Kentucky, to southern Illinois. Historically, this area has been the site of some of the largest earthquakes in North America. The last major earthquakes in this area were in 1811 and 1812, when population was small and there were few buildings. Today the area is densely populated by millions of people and includes the cities of St. Louis, Missouri, and Memphis, Tennessee. A major earthquake could result in great loss of life and property damage in the billions of dollars. Adding to the danger is the fact that structures in the area were not built to withstand earthquake shaking. There is a 90% chance of an earthquake of magnitude 6.0 or greater in this area by the year 2040. A large earthquake could result in significant damage in northern Alabama and would have a significant economic impact on Alabama.

The Southern Appalachian Seismic Zone extends from near Roanoke in southwestern Virginia southwestward to central Alabama. Considered a zone of moderate risk, the SASZ includes the Appalachian Mountains. The hypocenters of earthquakes in this zone are probably on deeply buried faults. The greatest earthquake in the zone occurred in 1897 near Pearisburg, Virginia, with an estimated magnitude of 5.8. Most of the earthquakes in Alabama are in the SASZ.

On August 13, 1886, the southeastern United States was strongly shaken by a large magnitude 7.3 earthquake centered at Charleston, South Carolina, in what is known as the South Carolina Seismic Zone. The earthquake leveled almost every building in the Charleston area and caused 60 deaths. The earthquake was felt 750 miles from the epicenter, and several areas in Alabama recorded damage.

This section will be updated with more detailed hazard information for this area. For now, the following links provide local and statewide earthquake hazard information:

State Emergency Management Website
http://ema.alabama.gov/

State Geological Survey Website
http://www.gsa.state.al.us/gsa/geologichazards/index.html

USGS State Earthquake Website
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/index.php?regionID=1

©2014 SCEC Southern California Earthquake Center @ USC
The Great Central U.S. ShakeOut Step 1: Secure it now! Step 2: Make a plan Step 3: Make disaster kits Step 4: Is your place safe? Step 5: Drop, Cover, and Hold On Step 6: Check it out! Step 7: Communicate and recover!